Drug Law in Canada 

Drug Law in Canada 

These days, drugs come in great abundance and they can be found almost everywhere. There are over-the counter (OTC) drugs that can be purchased and taken without a doctor’s prescription. Other types of drugs can never be taken out from the pharmacy unless prescribed by a licensed physician. The number of drugs is definitely overwhelming and taking the time to familiarize the different classifications of drugs should be highly considered in order to avoid erroneous and/or illegal use. 

“Schedules” Meanings Drug Law in Canada 

Controlled substances and drugs are strictly observed and governed in Canada by the CDSA or Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, a federal legislation of the country. Drug law is enforceable in all places in the country and such law is based on eight schedules. Each of these schedules lists of controlled substances and drugs which have been sorted according to their danger levels. Controlled substances are listed are listed in schedules I to V. 

  • Schedule I. This schedule contains the most dangerous drugs which include cocaine and heroin. 
  • Schedule II. This one lists cannabis, popularly known as marijuana and its derivatives. 
  • Schedule III. This schedule is composed of the more dangerous drugs like lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD and amphetamines. 
  • Schedule IV. Drugs that are dangerous but are known to be therapeutic are includes in this schedule. One of these drugs is barbiturates. 
  • Schedules V and VI. These schedules of drugs contain precursors which are required to create controlled substances. 
  • Schedules VII and VIII. Contains drugs that have a certain amount of cannabis as well as cannabis resin which are commonly required for sentencing and charging purposes.  

Common Drug-Related Offenses 

There are certain types of drug-related which are commonly observed in Canada and these include the following: 

Possession 

When one is charged with possession then this literally means the person is caught in custody or possession of another person, having personal possession, or having it in anywhere for his own benefit or use. If a member of a particular group possesses an illegal drug with the consent and knowledge of other persons in the group, this makes every group member involved. IN short, everyone in the group is charged with possession. 

According to CDSA Section 4(1), anyone is prohibited to possess any substance contained in Schedules 1, 2, and 3. However, there are certain people that work in the authorities (police officers and researchers) who are given the permission and authority to carry and possess any of these substances under controlled circumstances. A person who is charged with possession of these substances is sentenced depending on the amount of substance in possession and the schedule of the substance involved. For a simple possession charge, the maximum sentence is seven years. 

Trafficking 

This kind of drug-related offence in the country entails the act of selling, giving, administering, transporting, delivering and sending. CDSA prohibits these acts in relation to any substances contained in Schedules 1, 2, 3, and 4. 

Double-Doctoring 

This kind of offense practically means obtaining prescriptions or drugs from two or more doctors. The CDSA has a law on double-doctoring and the sentence given to an offender is based on the schedule of drugs involved and usually ranges to a maximum of seven years. 

Ways to help a recovering addict

Ways to Help a Recovering Addict

Substance abuse is a continuous and serious problem for Canadians. Many people are dealing with substance dependencies all over the country, and as a result, many people are directly affected by their struggles.

Whether you’re a friend, family member or acquaintance of an individual who has experienced substance addiction, you’d be surprised how helpful or harmful even the simplest of actions can be.

If you’re in the presence of a recovering addict, there are things that you can do to help them continue forth on their journey to sobriety Encourage their hard work and progress with these ways to help a recovering addict:

  • Educate Yourself

It is important not to assume that you know everything about substance abuse, or what a specific individual has experienced during their journey to recovery. Educating yourself might mean learning what kinds of things can cause addiction and what certain drugs can do to the body.

It can also be very helpful to ask about the personal experience of the recovering addict you know. Try to point out that you only want to educate yourself about the topic so that you may genuinely be able to help them more efficiently.

  • Avoid Judgement

It is never right to be negative towards others; we should always be supporting one another.

Hearing positive reinforcement and support is one of the best ways to help a recovering addict, because it helps to keep them in a healthy mental state. That means offering positive reinforcement, supporting their goals and offering to help them along the way.

  • Remove Triggers

If you still want a recovering addict to be a part of your life, then it is ideal to remove any triggers from the surroundings when they’re around.

That means keeping substances out of your home when they’re with you, and considering all of the places you’re taking them. Avoid bars and clubs, and instead try a new activity together like hiking or curling.

Removing recovering addicts from potential trigger situations is a great way to keep them on their new path. If you don’t know what places and things set them off, ask them so that you can be prepared.

  • Try New Things

Recovering addicts often find that staying busy keeps their mind off of wanting to relapse. If this is the case, consider taking them out to try some new things.

It can be anything: Sports games, painting, picnics, etc. Trying new things will show them all of the great opportunities they were missing out on before, and they may even begin to enjoy their new activities more frequently.

This is also a great way to help them meet new crowds of people, and to move away from previous people or places that had a bad influence on them.

  • Listen

Always be willing to listen to a friend or family member who is a recovering addict. Even if they don’t make it known, some people really need someone to talk to.

Keep in mind, actively listening won’t just mean hearing what they have to say; get rid of distractions and communicate with them by both listening and offering your own sound advice.

Conclusion

Addiction recovery is much easier for individuals who have a sound support system of family and friends. If you want to help someone on their journey to sobriety, consider these ways to help a recovering addict.

If you notice the individual struggling, suggest that they join a support group, or volunteer to go with them for support.

Cocaine

Workplace Substance Abuse

Workplace substance abuse may not be making news headlines consistently, but it’s certainly affecting the success of companies on a daily basis. When it comes to the number of people abusing drugs, approximately 70% are employed, implying that many of the people who are currently on the clock at work recently used or are presently under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

This is unfortunate, since most jobs require focus and accuracy; not to mention, many occupations involve operating machinery and traveling, which can increase the potential for accidents tenfold.

The Impact of Workplace Substance Abuse

Substance use at work not only creates a dangerous environment for the user and other employees, but it also attributes to inefficiency and reduced productivity.

When an employee or employer cannot give their full attention to a job, it is often that the job is done incorrectly, or not at all. Companies also struggle with employees missing work days, due to the effects of substance abuse. In a staggering statistic, drug abuse in the workplace results in approximately $81 billion dollars every year.

Employers and Substance Abuse

When it comes to employees who struggle with substance abuse, employers have to worry both about their well-being, as well as the good of their company.

Some of the problems that may arise with employees that use on the job include theft, tardiness, poor decision-making, decreased efficiency, low morale and performance problems.

Employers may have to spend unwanted dollars on drug testing and disciplinary acts for these individuals, as well as having to spend extra income on the training of new employees.

Employees and Substance Abuse

Although drug abuse is related to a wide range of unique factors for every addict, stressful situations related to the job may be a factor of their workplace substance abuse.

Some of the common causes of using at work include long hours, irregular shifts, isolation, repetitiveness, low job satisfaction and more.

It is important for employers to recognize the potential for substance abuse in the workplace, and how they can help their staff to avoid these kinds of situations. By offering resources and support for workers struggling with substance use, it is possible for employers and their teams to meet on a common ground and find solutions that will benefit both sides.

Employee Assistance Program (EAP)

Those employers who are struggling with workplace substance abuse issues might consider implementing an employee assistance program. These programs can provide employees with the resources and tools they need to get the right kind of help, while also allowing them to perform better at work.

As a result of recognizing potential issues and offering support, employers may notice decreased lateness, improved performance, happier moods and improved efficiency.

Although these programs may cost a lot up front, the result of better performance, lower turnover and decreased absenteeism may offset those costs.

 

It is not uncommon to find substance abuse in the workplace; in fact, all employers should always be on the lookout for potential signs. For employers, it’s key to keep in mind that you have the power to make changes in your company, both for the good of the business, as well as for the good of the employees.