Many people don’t know what to expect during cocaine withdrawal. This is entirely normal. After all, odds are that it’s a process you haven’t undergone before. However, one thing that brings a silver lining of ease is the fact that the withdrawal process for cocaine does not take as much physical toll compared to other substances.
Generally, withdrawal is known to be a challenging process. For starters, it comes with loads of both physical and psychological effects for the individual involved. When going through cocaine withdrawal, several effects are expected. The withdrawal process comes with symptoms and signs you need to prepare for. Also, some specific tips can help you cope better with cocaine withdrawal.
In the same vein, the cocaine withdrawal symptoms that follow a comedown from use vary between mild and severe. In this blog, we take a look at the symptoms and effects you can expect during cocaine addiction withdrawal. But first, we explore how to treat cocaine addiction.
How to Treat Cocaine Addiction
Though what to expect during cocaine withdrawal varies from one individual to another, there are two approaches to enforcing a comedown from an abuse of the substance.
As of now, there is no approved drug for the treatment of cocaine addiction. However, over the past years, there has been intensive research on the subject, which has explored an array of neurobiological targets. In recent years, the research has focused on dopamine – a messenger molecule found in the brain, which allows for communication between nerve cells. There is, however, still not much-certified assertions to make about the progress in this area.
Despite this, some medications have shown considerable improvement in helping patients come down with cocaine addiction. Though these are still mainly clinical trials, Disulfiram has been promising. This drug is yet to pass clinical trials because there is no scientific proof of how it works on the brain to achieve it. Methadone is another drug that can be used to help treat substance abuse.
Beyond these, scientists are also working on vaccination as a way to prevent relapse in patients withdrawing from cocaine. So many scientists are learning about cocaine addiction that is only a matter of time before a certified medication is developed. This leaves behavioural approaches as the more effective treatment method for cocaine addiction.
So far, behavioural approaches have been the most effective in combating addiction to cocaine. Though several patients find it very hard to comply with the treatment process, support from family and friends can make it easier.
The various therapies used include a reward for goals, cognitive behavioural therapy, acupuncture, hypnosis, music therapy and more. These therapies are not perfect, and will always come with cocaine withdrawal symptoms. But they are significant steps in the right direction.
What is Cocaine Withdrawal?
Cocaine withdrawal is simply a condition that occurs when a patient stops the use of the substance. At this stage, there is a hampering of the process with which dopamine is produced in the brain due to the presence of cocaine. When the patient stops using the substance, it’s hard to feel normal, as the person has over time developed a dependence on the substance.
The long term use of the substance has made the individual subconsciously only feel normal when using. Therefore, trying to function properly without taking the substance is referred to as withdrawal.
How Long Does Cocaine Withdrawal Take?
Cocaine withdrawal treatment can be very tedious. For starters, the timeframe for how long cocaine withdrawal takes is a weird one. Sometimes, withdrawal can last for just a few weeks, while others go on for months. The timeline for the withdrawal from cocaine use is divided into three.
This is a very delicate phase as no one knows exactly what to expect during cocaine withdrawal. You see, the symptoms differ from person to person. The time frame for this stage is a maximum of 3-4 days. In that time, most individuals suffer from weakness and an intense craving for the substance.
Individuals at this phase are more relaxed than those in the first phase, and it can last as much as ten weeks. However, the craving and symptoms at this stage can be very intense. But after a while, the effects of cocaine withdrawal start to wear out, and that is proof of progress.
This can also be referred to as the extinction phase, but it is also the stage of increased vulnerability. The risk of relapse is high at this stage, especially when there is an exposure to triggers. At this stage, you need more professional cocaine addiction treatment to maintain long-term sobriety.
What are the Signs to Expect during Cocaine Withdrawal?
During cocaine withdrawal treatment, some symptoms and signs come with each of the three stages mentioned above.
For Phase 1
This can also be described as the crash phase. The symptoms associated with it include:
A drastic reduction in energy level and a continuous decline in motivation
You get easily irritated
You suffer from increased anxiety
You experience fatigue easily
In the absence of a support system, you become prone to extreme depression.
For Phase 2
This comes with many variables, and it is impossible to determine precisely what to expect during cocaine withdrawal at this stage. However, some of the common symptoms noticed are:
Extreme trouble concentrating
You suffer from decreased energy levels
You suffer from mood swings
There is an increase in anxiety levels
Paranoia is a common symptom
An increase in the level of cravings you get.
For Phase 3
This is also referred to as the extinction phase, and once you are here, there is just a little more to be done. Most likely, you won’t experience as many symptoms as you did at the start of withdrawal. But these are still possible:
Some degree of craving
Sudden mood changes
Is Cocaine Withdrawal Dangerous?
What to expect during cocaine withdrawal differs from individual to individual. Additionally, without medical care, the symptoms can prove to be dangerous. That is why the importance of a professional treatment centre that offers medical care cannot be understated.
At the start of the withdrawal procedure, you may be exposed to a set of abnormal feelings and effects, which may result in a relapse. To this effect, there is a need for you to be determined to quit when starting the withdrawal process. These will help you navigate the effects of cocaine withdrawal ranging from depression to fatigue, paranoia, etc.
The degree to which these effects – as stated in the previous section – get severe is dependent on the following;
How long you have been using cocaine
The amount of cocaine you have used in this timeframe
The presence of other abused drugs in your system
Presence or absence of underlying mental or health conditions.
Knowing what to expect during cocaine withdrawal is one thing. However, going at it with professional addiction treatment support is another thing. Withdrawal starts with your willingness to get rid of the addiction.
This, coupled with support from family, loved ones, experts and support groups, can be vital. Here at Addiction Healing Centre, we offer professional help to help manage cocaine withdrawal symptoms effectively. Call 888-508-9802 to schedule an appointment today!
The crack cocaine effects on the user’s body are intense and dangerous. There are cases when overdose can happen, which can be fatal. If you feel that your drug use has already taken control of your life, then the best move is to quit using the drug. It can be difficult, but there are many ways to treat crack cocaine addiction.
Crack cocaine has many slang names such as crack, candy, jellybeans, and rock. The difference between crack cocaine and regular cocaine is that you smoke crack cocaine while you rub cocaine to your gums or snort it. People who smoke crack cocaine use it at short intervals of 15 to 20 minutes. They do this for a more intense feeling of euphoria.
Since crack cocaine is one of the more potent stimulants, the effects of using it can affect your entire central nervous system. As a result, it puts an extreme amount of stress on all the internal organs connected to your central nervous systems. It includes your brain, heart, and lungs.
Specifically, your heart will beat faster, and your muscles become tense because the crack cocaine effects constrict your blood vessels. It then causes your blood pressure to elevate. It can put you in a lot of danger. The rapid changes in your body can cause cardiac arrest or stroke at any time.
Similar to other kinds of addictions, crack cocaine abuse, and addiction can have various telltale indications. Although you can see such effects, some crack cocaine users are good at hiding their addiction.
Further, particular medications share the same effects as that of crack cocaine. That’s why medical professionals can have a challenging time trying to pinpoint whether or not a person has a crack cocaine addiction. Experienced users can deny the addiction and put the blame on prescription medication.
However, if you think that someone you love or someone close to you is using crack cocaine, don’t wait until they’re in danger. You can also observe any changes in their behaviours and regular activities. The distinct traits of a crack cocaine addict are an abnormal mood shift. It could be that they are excited at one time then become depressed in an instant.
Why Do People Get Addicted to Crack Cocaine?
Addiction to crack cocaine is highly likely because of its effects on the brain. The user feels intense pleasure and euphoria when they are high from the drug. Nevertheless, this good feeling only lasts for a very short time which is about five to ten minutes.
The addiction to the drug intensifies because the pleasure doesn’t last long. The user wants to experience the high they get from the drug over and over. It rewires the brain’s reward system. When this happens, the brain craves for more crack cocaine.
The body will want to feel the pleasure of the drug continuously. By doing so, the body will begin to disregard the need for pleasurable sensations that we usually get from satisfying thirst, hunger, and sexual desire.
The only pleasurable feeling your body will crave for is the crack cocaine effects that make you feel high. When the sensations that crack cocaine provide dies down, anhedonia and depression will take over.
How to Know You’re Addicted to Crack Cocaine
Crack cocaine is a more potent form of cocaine. People smoke crack to experience the intense effects it gives to their brain and body. Since crack cocaine is very short-acting, people tend to binge smoke it. They take a lot of the drug in a short amount of time. People use crack cocaine because it can produce a more accelerated response, unlike regular cocaine. As a result, people become dependent on it, resulting in an addiction to the drug.
To know if someone is addicted to crack cocaine, look for indications such as increased breathing rate, dilated pupils, restlessness, aggressive behaviour, and blistered lips. You still have to make sure that the cause of the indications the user is experiencing is due to crack cocaine and not other prescriptions.
Concerning emotional signs, you’ll notice that the user has unnatural bursts of excitement and energy when under the effects of crack cocaine. Further, they may also feel agitated and irritable. Frequent mood swings are common for someone with crack cocaine addiction. Smoking crack cocaine for an extended period can also cause hallucinations and paranoia.
Crack cocaine overdose can pose a severe threat to life by damaging the central nervous system and other internal organs. If you’re a crack cocaine user and you’re experiencing the crack cocaine effects, you should seek immediate help to receive proper treatment.
Powder cocaine and crack cocaine are comparable substances that possess a few distinct differences. Crack cocaine commences as powder cocaine in its purest form. If the powder mixes with water and baking soda, it forms a hard substance, called crack cocaine.
To reach a high, people need to smoke crack cocaine. This particular type of cocaine provides more potency than the powder type. Both forms share almost the same effects, signs of abuse, and withdrawal symptoms. The impact of crack cocaine is usually more potent because the body absorbs this type faster than its powder counterpart.
Crack cocaine enters the body through the smoke that the user breathes in. It travels into the bloodstream and instantly reaches the brain. It significantly disrupts the production of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. Such natural chemicals build up in a human brain, producing an extreme feeling of sheer pleasure that eclipses the body and senses.
Common effects of crack cocaine use include:
A state of paranoia
A notable boost in energy
A feeling of intense happiness or euphoria
Episodes of irritability
Sensory stimulation hypersensitivities, such as touch, sound, and light
All of these signs become apparent every time a crack user inhales the substance. Most of these symptoms don’t last long.
Physical Crack Cocaine Effects
In addition to the ones mentioned above, the drug is capable of causing impacts in physical appearance instantly. The effects of crack cocaine on the skin can include:
Visibly impaired blood vessels
Deep scratch marks (it is because of the crack user’s imagination of seeing bugs crawling under his or her skin)
The effects of crack cocaine in the eyes include:
Dilating the pupils
Jaundice or visible yellowing of the sclera (the white outer layer of the eyeball) once rock cocaine use starts to damage the vital internal organs
Together, experts usually refer to these signs as the crack face, which is the image of individuals affected by their heavy use of crack cocaine.
Since a user needs to smoke crack, the drug reaches a person’s brain instantly. It affects an individual’s reward system and significantly increases the levels of dopamine present in the brain. The effects of this include:
A sudden rush of confidence
A notable rise in energy
A feeling of extreme happiness or euphoria
The high levels of dopamine in the brain strengthens crack cocaine use as an essential behaviour. The user prioritizes the drug use even over survival functions like sleeping and eating. When this outcome combines with an instantly developing tolerance, this will urge the crack user to smoke more and more of the drug. It is in order to feel the same effects. As a result, the crack user will keep on looking for more crack cocaine shortly after the impact withdraws.
Substance abuse is a result when the user is compulsively seeking out and inhaling crack despite the obvious disastrous consequences that are occurring because of their constant drug use. This unhealthy habit now becomes a long-term mental illness.
Other Harmful Effects of Crack Cocaine
Crack cocaine will produce a variety of impacts on a person’s body. Initially, the high commences seconds after the user inhales the substance and will last between five to ten minutes. The effects of crack cocaine in the body include:
Increased cardiac rate
Elevated blood pressure
Hyperstimulation and hypersensitivity
The unnatural rise in blood pressure and cardiac rate put tremendous stress on the cardiovascular system. It may lead to damage in blood vessels and the heart. Crack cocaine is also capable of harming a person’s immune system, making the individual more prone to disease.
Constant use of crack cocaine will cause the users’ pupils to dilate and will make them anxious and hostile. As the high only lasts a relatively short period, the user will keep on smoking crack cocaine to maintain the high that they desire. Besides that, continued use of crack cocaine can cause a user to forget to drink and eat, which results in rapid weight loss and malnutrition.
Crack cocaine also creates a sensation of bugs crawling under the users’ skin. This effect will lead them to continuously scratch their skin until they have wounds, which can quickly become infected. Also, crack abuse causes users to stay alert which results in sleep deprivation. This effect will lead to a series of harmful physical and mental outcomes.
Crack cocaine is indeed one of the most potent substances known to many in this generation. The moment a person starts inhaling the substance, it is almost impossible to set yourself free from its grip, mentally and physically. Physically, crack cocaine arouses vital receptors or nerve endings that are capable of sensing a sudden change in the body.
Meanwhile, it makes a user feel extreme happiness as it affects the brain, which contributes to added tolerance by the user. Overall, there are virtually no significant good effects that crack cocaine can bring in our bodies. It is best to avoid these kinds of substances.
The only approach to stop these harmful effects or prevent them from worsening is to stop the use of crack cocaine. The impacts of crack cocaine on a human body are critical and even life-threatening. Plus, the high that the substance gives is not worth the diminished quality of life that results from drug use.
How to Deal with Crack Cocaine Addiction
Crack cocaine addiction can cause a lot of problems in your life. Such issues can be difficult to deal with, especially if you don’t know the threats it can pose. Given that crack cocaine is a more potent version of cocaine. The natural chemicals stimulating your body with rewarding sensations will cease to exist. It is due to the changes in your brain and body caused by smoking crack cocaine.
Dealing with crack cocaine addiction can be challenging for those who’ve been smoking them for a long time. However, withdrawal from crack cocaine is possible, especially if you want to get rid of the addiction. Keep in mind that dealing with crack cocaine addiction won’t happen in an instant. You’ll have to go through a step-by-step process to get rid of it completely.
Challenges in Recovery
Among the many challenges, you’ll have to deal with when quitting the use of crack cocaine are the withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms can grow stronger over time because the brain has been dependent on the drug when it comes to releasing chemicals to your body.
Crack cocaine provides similar effects to other illicit drugs. You’ll also have to keep yourself in check if ever you’re experiencing various indications of addiction. You’ll have to monitor your behavioural, emotional, and physiological changes. It is to prepare yourself for the process of quitting your crack cocaine addiction.
You also have to keep in mind that you can’t escape crack cocaine addiction alone. You should always ask for professional help since the withdrawal symptoms can get intense. You are more prone to bingeing on smoking the drug because of the discomfort you’ll feel during withdrawal.
Getting treatment from a medical professional or attending rehabilitation programs are the most effective ways of dealing with crack cocaine addiction. Rehabilitation programs can help you get through the intense desire to smoke crack cocaine.
Medical professionals focusing in the field of illicit drugs can help you manage the strong and uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. They can put you through replacement therapies to taper you off crack cocaine.
The Process of Overcoming Crack Cocaine Addiction
Overcoming crack cocaine addiction with the help of medical professionals or rehabilitation programs follows specific processes and measures. Treating your crack cocaine addiction will make sure that your body and health will improve and that your brain will no longer crave the drug.
Detox with Medical Supervision
Addiction treatment experts will do their best to create and find medicines and techniques to alleviate your symptoms of withdrawal. There are no drugs to cure your addiction to crack cocaine. But medications such as disulfiram or naltrexone are available to recovering addicts. It is to prevent them from craving the drug. It is also to prevent relapse from happening in the long run.
Complete Rehabilitation Program
Rehabilitation programs are among the most effective ways to put an end to crack cocaine usage and addiction. In rehab, you will go to intervention. Behavioural intervention specialists will advise you to participate in group or individual therapies and contingency management.
A group or individual therapy with contingency management apply positive reinforcement so you can quit your drug use. There will also be stimulus control while awarding the recovering addict when any positive behavioural changes happen. Awarding the individuals for their positive behavioural changes can stimulate the natural release of dopamine. It helps the brain relearn its stimulus-response method.
Dealing with crack cocaine addiction is possible for those who want to quit their drug use. Although the process of quitting can be challenging, you have to keep in mind that everyone will always have the opportunity to get free of the drug. There is always a way to turn your life around and repair the drug’s adverse effects on your life and body.
What are the Different Treatments for Crack Cocaine Addiction
When you are addicted to a drug, especially crack cocaine, it will be hard to treat it by yourself. You need to seek professional help and guidance if you are highly addicted to crack cocaine or other related drugs. You need to endure it because recovering from an addiction is hard psychologically and physically.
People tend to use crack cocaine because of the influence of friends or their community. When addicted to crack, it is hard and dangerous to quit drug use by yourself. You need to ask professional help as the withdrawal symptoms can be dangerous and even fatal. The treatment must be in the hospital or rehabilitation centre because medical professionals can monitor your status when the withdrawal symptoms occur.
Detox From Crack Cocaine
Many treatments are available to treat a person with crack cocaine addiction. Detoxification is the first step of the treatment. It is necessary when you want to recover from drug addiction. It must be done in a secure environment so you can focus on getting well.
During this initial phase, you may experience depression. You may have a hard time on the crack cocaine effects on your psychological behaviour. Because of the drastic effects of being constantly high, withdrawal symptoms like depression is one of the reasons why it is challenging to overcome crack addiction.
When the crack cocaine effects wear off, you will experience an intense craving and overwhelming feeling to go back to using drugs. Common symptoms for withdrawal of crack cocaine include:
The recommended procedure when being highly addicted to crack cocaine is to be in inpatient rehab. It is so that you’ll have a chance for complete recovery from addiction. There are many types of rehabilitation programs for crack cocaine addiction.
The treatment plan varies on the dosage and cases of the patient. Most of the rehabilitation programs focus on psychoeducational techniques and cognitive behavioural therapy. Treatments in rehab usually last for 90 days or less. But some cases of severe addiction may last up to 6 months to a year of treatment.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT is a goal-oriented therapy that involves practical approaches to solving problems. The goal of the sessions is to change the behaviour of people who have difficulties controlling their negative behaviour.
This therapy can replace harmful behaviour with better and healthier ones. With the help of this therapy, people with addiction can change their attitudes as a first step in solving their emotional and behavioural issues.
Psychoeducation therapy provides information and education to people who suffer from mental health issues like crack cocaine addiction. Taking illicit drugs can affect our mental health as well as how we behave. This therapy is an essential aspect of treatment for crack cocaine addiction. It can help address mental issues and the addiction by giving the recovering addict opportunities to learn about his or her condition.
No medication can cure drug addiction. Cocaine can cause changes in the brain functions that include the production of serotonin and norepinephrine. For cocaine to disrupt the neurotransmission of the brain, researchers found acetylcysteine. It can help restore the balance in neurotransmission that was caused by the disruption of cocaine.
Researchers found that disulfiram can reduce the use of cocaine. It’s the same medication available for treating alcohol addiction. Disulfiram might not work for everyone, as it also depends on the immune system of a person.
There’s a study that stated that a particular vaccine for cocaine addiction could help reduce the risk of relapse. The vaccine can create antibodies that prevent cocaine from entering the brain. This vaccine may also prevent any brain damage that cocaine use may have caused.
Peer Support and Counselling
Treatment for crack cocaine effects and addiction does not end with therapy and medications. While in recovery, you can participate in peer support groups and group counselling sessions. Knowing that you have people who can provide you with emotional support can greatly help you in your recovery.
How to Choose a Rehab Centre for Crack Cocaine Addiction
The first thing to know is how to crack cocaine works and how it affects the user’s body. Crack is a very fast-acting and very potent drug. Just by consuming or using a little amount of this substance can provide euphoric effects to the person using it. Crack cocaine use will have an adverse impact on the body like heart attack, stroke, hallucinations, and addiction.
Treatment for crack cocaine is possible if you are doing it the right way. There are a lot of rehabilitation centres that successfully help many people who suffer from addiction to crack cocaine addiction. It is also vital to know what treatment you need. There are two types of settings you can try: inpatient or outpatient treatment.
Many people thought that treating drug addiction can be done alone. But the problem is that you will be experiencing severe cravings. Doing self-treatment will be impossible. That is why you should seek help from those who know how to deal with this problem. Because doing this the right way will make your recovery faster and easier.
Inpatient treatment is when you go to a specialized centre for a couple of weeks or months. It will depend on how fast your body can adapt to the changes while you’re in recovery. There will be a set of programs that you need to follow. These programs will provide 24/7 support, monitoring, and friendly environment.
Inpatient treatment is one of the best options for drug addiction because you will be focused on one goal, which is to recover. Unlike the outpatient treatment, you will not have a chance to go out and risk relapsing. You get to stay in a safe environment where you can focus on your recovery from crack cocaine addiction.
This type of treatment is less strict compared to inpatient treatment. The outpatient treatment will not require you to stay in the rehabilitation centre. The addiction treatment experts will only provide a schedule for clinic visitations for therapy sessions. In outpatient treatment, you can go home and do your daily activities.
There are also some types of programs you can get from outpatient treatment. That will depend on how addicted you are to crack cocaine. These programs can be extensive that will take 20-30 hours a week. Others can only be 2 to 4 hours a week which is the standard length of time for most treatments.
After every process and program, you can now go home and start a new life. Aftercare services will allow you to continue your therapy. Medical professionals can provide helpful services so that you’ll remain drug-free for the rest of your life.
What to Expect During Treatment of Crack Cocaine Addiction
Detox is the first step of treatment from the addiction to crack cocaine. It should be done in a safe environment to help remove the drug from the body of the user. Because users of crack cocaine may also experience depression when quitting the drug, detoxifying in your own house is a terrible idea. A medical professional must be present to supervise and take care of the recovering addict.
Detoxification is crucial since it will cleanse the body from the toxins you got while using the drug. There are also some specific psychological strategies and therapeutic methods for doing detoxification. All you need to do is visit a medical doctor or a psychologist for this treatment.
Going to a medical doctor who specializes in addiction treatment is the best option if you want to start your detoxification process. Crack cocaine addiction is tough to fight, especially if you have been using this drug for a long time already.
Crack cocaine users experience pleasurable feelings when they are using the drug. But there will also be some short-term after-effects that will hit their body. They will experience an uncontrollable craving to use the drug again. They will also experience irritability and severe depression. Being high on crack cocaine also makes the user feel that he or she doesn’t need to sleep.
Because of the lack of sleep, they will have an abnormal heart rate increase, their body temperature will rise and may lead to convulsions and muscle spasms. Crack cocaine effects can also make them feel anxious, aggressive, high-tempered, and paranoid.
When stopping crack cocaine use, it doesn’t mean that the effects will go away. There will still be some after-effects to the body primarily when you have been using the drug for a long time. You may have a severe respiratory issue, difficulty in breathing, hard coughing, bleeding, and lung injury. If you’re experiencing these, you should immediately consult your doctor.
Although the effect may vary depending on the user’s metabolism and amount of usage, some might experience grave after-effects. It can include problems with the heart, kidneys, liver, and infectious diseases because of the weakening of the immune system.
Repairing the damage done by crack cocaine effects is never easy to do. You will go through a lot of things before beating the addiction. That is why you should prepare yourself for the changes that you will be experiencing. Crack cocaine can damage your health in so many ways.
Recovering from crack cocaine addiction can be very hard and challenging. Seek help from a medical doctor or any professional practitioner so you can go through addiction recovery. Without the help of professionals, treatment for crack cocaine addiction is going to be a lot more difficult. To know more about your treatment options, don’t hesitate to call us here at Addiction Healing Centre.
The cocaine effects on pregnancy are dangerous, both for the mother and child. The number of pregnant women taking this drug has been increasing at an alarming rate.
There is a great need for more information to be available and added education as to the many ill effects of taking cocaine. Here, we have an extensive article on what cocaine is, its physical and psychological effects, cocaine effects on pregnancy, and treatment options for cocaine addiction.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that belongs to the class known as “stimulants.” As a stimulant drug, cocaine increases the levels of activity between the brain and the body. But this drug also has anesthetic properties that can be useful for some surgeries. Although the recreational use of cocaine is illegal, it is still available for valid medical purposes.
One can extract cocaine from coca leaves, a plant that is native to western South America. Indigenous people chew coca leaves or brew it as a tea. Drug dealers, on the other hand, make and sell cocaine in powder or crystal form.
Drug dealers often mix the drug with other substances such as amphetamines and synthetic opioids. They also “cut” cocaine with talcum powder, glucose, or lactose to make more profit by selling less of the actual drug.
How Does It Look Like?
Cocaine hydrochloride is the form of this drug that is considered the most common. It’s a powder that has a white, crystalline colour and a bitter taste. One can further process cocaine hydrochloride to produce cocaine varieties, known as “freebase” and “crack.”
Freebase cocaine is nearly 100 percent pure, meaning it almost doesn’t contain the drug’s hydrochloride additive. This form is heat-soluble, which one can produce by converting powder cocaine into cocaine sulphate.
Crack cocaine, on the other hand, is another cocaine variety which is considered the most addictive. It is in rock-like or crystal form and comes in colours ranging from creamy or white to transparent with a yellow or pink hue. Crack is a result of combining and boiling powdered cocaine with water and sodium bicarbonate.
Cocaine has a variety of names, including, coke, C, snow, Charlie, toot, nose candy, stardust, white dust, blow, and white lady. Crack is also known as wash or rock, and freebase as merely base.
Some users snort powdered cocaine through the nostrils or rub the substance onto their gums, while others inject the dissolved drug into their bloodstream. Hardcore users combine cocaine and heroin and inject the mixture into their bloodstream to feel “high.”
Another common way of using cocaine is by smoking it. Heat-soluble forms of the drug, such as freebase and crack, are heated and inhaled into the lungs to produce euphoria. Some cocaine users also sprinkle cocaine on tobacco or marijuana and smoke the substance like a cigarette.
Since cocaine is highly addictive, some people take the drug in higher doses to maintain the feel-good sensation it brings.
How Does It Affect the Brain?
Cocaine boosts the levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is responsible for sending signals between different neurons of the brain. Dopamine also plays a role in activating pleasurable feelings and reward-motivated behaviours. This interaction between cocaine and dopamine is the reason why the drug is extremely addictive.
In the normal function of the brain, the nerve cell releases dopamine, and the latter recycles back into the cell where it originates, blocking the signals between nerve cells. However, during cocaine use, no recycling of dopamine happens. Instead, the dopamine accumulates in the area between two nerve cells, resulting in the cessation of standard transmission of signals.
This build-up of dopamine in the reward circuit of the brain causes people to get addicted to cocaine. Once this area of the brain gets used to the flood of dopamine induced by cocaine, the person will become tolerant to the drug. In consequence, the user takes higher doses of the drug within a short period to keep the high and to fight off withdrawal symptoms.
Cocaine use produces short-term effects on users, such as:
Boost of energy
Feelings of happiness
Hypersensitivity to touch, sight, and sound
Increased blood pressure and body temperature
Constriction of blood vessels
Since cocaine boosts energy and mental alertness, some users report that they do psychological and physical tasks more quickly. Others find that cocaine makes them unable to perform tasks correctly. Also, higher doses of the drug can result in unpredictable, strange, and violent behaviours.
The effects of cocaine happen almost once a person consumes it and go away within several minutes to an hour. The intensity and duration of the impact will depend on how the user takes the drug and its dosage.
The effects of snorting cocaine may last up to 20 to 30 minutes. While the feel-good sensation of smoking may last up to 5 to 10 minutes. However, smoking the drug produces faster and stronger effects than snorting it.
Long-Term Effects on Health
Using cocaine can take a toll on your health. Some of the health problems may last for a long time, depending on how the person uses the drug.
Smoking. Cough, asthma, pneumonia, and respiratory problems.
Snorting. Loss of smell, runny nose, nosebleeds, and difficulty swallowing.
Oral intake. Intestinal ischemia or severe bowel decay due to the reduced blood flow to the intestines.
Needle injection. Scarring or collapsed veins, skin tissue infections, and increased risk of getting, hepatitis C, HIV, and other blood-borne diseases.
Moreover, even the consumption of cocaine without using needles can cause users to be at higher risk of contracting HIV. It’s because using the drug impairs judgment, which can result in risky sexual interactions with infected individuals.
Motor function disorders, malnutrition, hallucinations, severe paranoia, depression, and violent behaviour are also among the long-term effects of cocaine use. Consumption of the drug can also lead to overdose, which can be life-threatening and fatal.
Everyone must know the health and social effects of cocaine addiction. Cocaine is an extremely addictive drug, and it can bring severe health effects and even death to the user. That’s why we should stay away from using cocaine to prevent these unfortunate things from happening.
If you have a cocaine addiction, you should see to it that you get the necessary treatment. There are treatment options available to control the withdrawal symptoms of the drug and help you recover from it.
One of the main concerns with talks about substance abuse is the emphasis on the drug rather than the history and mental well-being of the person using it.
When describing the addiction potential of cocaine, the most precise explanation is that cocaine is extremely addictive. However, not everyone who indulges in the flight of fancy-like effects of cocaine becomes addicted. So the preferable and most ideal response is that a lot of factors affect whether someone who uses cocaine will develop a specific addiction.
In brief, cocaine stimulates a person’s central nervous system. The mode of action of cocaine impacts how users can develop a disorder of stimulant use.
Cocaine takes effect instantly but also wears off immediately, and this prompts the users who take the drug to tend to crave and take more usually over a short period.
How does cocaine impact a person’s system?
For a temporary period, cocaine produces stimulating effects on the user’s body. It generally taps the brain to increase the concentration of dopamine in the brain. This action generates feelings of satisfaction and happiness. Cocaine impacts the user’s system to elevate the dopamine levels causing the individual to feel a sense of euphoria.
Cocaine inhibits dopamine, along with other neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine, from being brought into the nerve cells. This mechanism enables enormous amounts of the neurotransmitters to gather and stimulate the neighbouring nerve cells, and this action intensifies the gratifying pleasurable sense of euphoria.
Also, cocaine can minimize your desire for food and sleep. Some individuals claim that cocaine helps them to think better and execute tasks more efficiently. Hence, a lot of users start to crave the effects and feelings that cocaine produces.
Constant use of cocaine may cause you to develop a higher tolerance to the drug. It means you’ll be needing more amount of cocaine for you to experience its euphoric effects. This outcome will lead the user to take higher quantities of it, which can influence the user’s physical and mental health, and this is where the word “addiction” comes into the picture.
Cocaine dependence is the result of physical addiction to cocaine. As the body and brain adjust to the chemical alterations that cocaine effects, they begin to need cocaine to maintain their normal function.
This demand can lead to symptoms of withdrawal when cocaine use ceases. The body, since it demands cocaine to sustain healthy functioning, it produces cravings for cocaine that a lot of people find utterly irresistible.
Physical impacts of addiction to cocaine addiction:
When cocaine meets a psychological desire, it is when mental addiction to cocaine transpires. The heightened stimulation and energy that cocaine causes may affect the user using the drug to feel better about socializing in particular situations. The “high” feeling that cocaine generates may help a user overcome feelings of hopelessness or inadequacy.
There are several psychological wants that someone might try to treat with the use of cocaine. The common determinant will be that cocaine is going to be the one to help a person cope with a particular psychological desire. This commonality suggests that the user needs cocaine to assist them to continue to manage with the psychological need.
Psychological impacts of addiction to cocaine include:
A licensed physician will take a series of specific factors into consideration upon diagnosing a person with cocaine abuse.
Eventually, the physician will likely apply particular criteria out the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition) to decide if the user has a specific addiction to cocaine. Usually, the diagnosis depends on possessing at least two of the criteria mentioned below:
Perilous use of the drug
Interpersonal or social problems associated with the use of the drug
An excessive period allocated using the drug
Physical or mental challenges associated with the use of the drug
Experiencing the symptoms of withdrawal
Activities exchanged by cocaine use
Developing a cocaine tolerance
Using larger amounts of cocaine
Repeated struggles to control or quit the use of cocaine
Neglected significant obligations to use the drug
Preventing Cocaine Abuse
Prevention must begin early in the preadolescent ages for all kids but specifically for those individuals who are at risk of using the drug. This scenario would include kids who belong in families with a history of addiction, such as excessive drug use or alcoholism.
Teaching the young generation to say “no” to drinking alcohol, using tobacco products, and drugs are already an excellent prevention practice.
We need to continually keep the kids as well as our upcoming generations from the gateway drugs of nicotine, marijuana, and alcohol. We are capable of preventing the escalation to more stimulating drugs like cocaine and hence protect many people from the long-term impacts of excessive drug use.
Cocaine abuse is a complicated disease, with physical, environmental, familial, social, and psychological factors. There are several treatment approaches for cocaine abuse that address all these elements.
There are no specific medications produced to treat cocaine abuse. But there are other kinds of medicines which can be valuable, such as antidepressant medications.
Behaviour therapy shows assuring effects for assisting people through cocaine abuse. Institutions can perform the treatment as an outpatient basis or even as a component of a residential therapy program.
Behaviour therapy includes awards for meeting objectives related to stopping the use. CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) teaches learning methods that support you to remain not using.
Residential therapy programs serve to cover all aspects of abuse. These programs can continue for many weeks to a year, and this program usually includes support groups, therapy, or vocational rehab.
Cocaine addiction is, indeed, a complicated sickness that needs thorough treatment. Cocaine abuse has a severe impact on a person’s physical and psychological health and can end in premature death.
If ever you have a loved one who is addicted to the drug, don’t hesitate to reach out to a physician. It is to help you explore treatment alternatives and find additional support sources.
Why Do People Get Addicted to Cocaine?
Cocaine is one of the most addicting drugs on the market. This drug can sell up to a million-dollar within a week in America. People of varying ages and occupations can be vulnerable to this drug.
One of the reasons why most individuals opt to use this drug is because of its stimulant properties. Celebrities are one of the most vulnerable individuals prone to choosing cocaine to push their bodies beyond what it can do. People who work in the most stressful environment are also common victims of this drug.
Coca plant comes from South America, and the USA is the country with most buyers of cocaine. The youngest recorded user of cocaine was as young as eight years old. Depending on the availability of the drug, anyone is susceptible to the addictive trap and nature of this drug.
Cocaine came from coca plants which are common in South America. It is a stimulant drug that can boost your attention span, alertness, and energy. Cocaine has many colloquial names. The famous names are Coke, Snow, Rock, Crack, etc.
It is famous among elixirs and medical back in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Later on, research revealed that cocaine has dangerous, addictive components that can make the brain malfunction under constant use.
Usage of cocaine is permissible inside the medical institution administered by a professional doctor. With that, the usage of this product is not for recreational purposes. Illegal usage of this drug has repercussions both by-laws and health terms.
It is important to note that recreational cocaine is available in the underground market. In such instances, drug dealers commonly mix this drug with cornstarch or something of equal to gain more profit. To clarify, even more, this is not hygienic and safe.
Cocaine has an addictive component, namely, benzoylmethylecgonine. This component in the coca leaves produces the stimulant effect of the brain. Although directly chewing the leaves of the coca leaves doesn’t emit any harmful side effects, it’s a different story when the leaves undergo a process.
When do people use it?
Cocaine users abuse this drug in generally two forms – in its freebase form and its powder state. Snorting the powder form of the drug is the most basic way to do it. Others would be injecting the drug into their arms. The freebase form is the local type of drug in the streets.
Cocaine undergoes a process of mixing it with ammonia or baking soda and water. As heat produces a smokable substance, it creates a crackling sound upon smoking – thus, the name crack.
When people are in a desperate measure to push their bodies beyond their boundaries, they tend to opt to cocaine. Social pressure is also one of the causes as to why individuals use cocaine.
To try living up to the expectations of society or to escape the sad reality of being less, users opt to cocaine to stimulate themselves and do more. But then again, the repercussions of this action can be gravely dangerous in the near future.
What makes it addictive?
The cocaine sold by the underground markets and street drug dealers is not pure. The drug itself is a powerful addictive material. It is so addictive that it can change the brain structure. As a result of repeated usage, disorientation of the brain functions occurs.
This drug also has a psychoactive numbing effect. What makes this drug more addictive is due to dopamine which is a pleasure chemical to the brain. The overproduction of dopamine then increases an individual’s adrenaline.
Abusers, under the influence of cocaine, feel an intense surge of unnecessary happiness. They also tend to be more inhumane as they become more sensitive with their senses.
In most cases, abusers are addicted to cocaine because of the beaming happiness and boost that the drug offers. People who also want to escape a sad reality tends to rely on the drug to reimagine their joy. Individuals who are desperate to divert their attention from reality are the most vulnerable folks with the addictiveness of cocaine.
How can you avoid being addicted to cocaine?
In the early 1900s, surgeons used them to filtrate pain and to make surgeries bearable. However, as research regarding cocaine advances, it is now legally acknowledged as an anesthetic for eye, ear, and throat surgeries. When cocaine is used otherwise especially for recreational purposes, it is illegal.
Self-medication with cocaine to ease the feeling of numbness will not do you any good. It will suppress the feeling of any pain at the moment, but it will consequently bring forth more problems.
Addiction is one of the many pressing issues that cocaine can give you. Coke is obviously not available in a local drug store. So you will be forced to buy it from drug dealers. And of course, their sources are questionable.
Peers are the most significant contributors to drug addiction. Most of the time, due to peer pressure, the person gives in to the usage of an illegal substance and later on gets addicted to it. You have to choose your friends wisely.
Friends who lead you a destructive life path are not real friends. Those who bring your destruction and distractions are people that you should strip off your life. These kinds of people are not only toxic to your health but are also poisonous to your lifestyle.
The repercussions of cocaine addiction can alter lives. To avoid addiction, it is essential to remind yourself of these basic principles in life. Sometimes, it just takes guts to say no to prevent further life destruction.
Understandably, people want to escape pain which is why they opt to use drugs. The perfect feeling that illegal substance promises to its users is the main booby traps to destruction. While we think that we are doing things for our good in committing such decisions, we are doing more harm to our already broken selves.
Cocaine is a dangerous addicting substance. If you or a loved one is having a problem with drug addiction, always seek professional help. Self-medication or listening to people with no lenient background regarding the issue will only worsen the situation for the recipient. The case is already problematic; the least that we want for the person is to have a worse condition.
Effects of Cocaine on the Body
Whether in crystal or powder form, cocaine produces an extreme impact on a user’s body, particularly the brain and heart. Using cocaine can instantly damage a person’s brain cells, even after short periods of heavy use.
Cocaine creates a momentary, intense high that is then instantly followed by the exact opposite, and the user suddenly experiences severe loneliness, anxiety, and a longing for more of the euphoric drug.
Cocaine users usually don’t sleep properly or even eat. They will experience an immensely increased cardiac rate, muscle contractions, and seizures. The drug can also make the users feel paranoid, anxious, angry, and hostile, even when they are not under the effects of cocaine.
Most users are careless of how much cocaine usage, or how often they take the drug. Cocaine at least doubles the risk that the user will suffer from a heart attack, convulsions, stroke, or breathing (respiratory) failure. Any of these can result in a person’s sudden death.
How does cocaine particularly affect the brain?
Cocaine stimulates the amount of dopamine, which is a natural chemical present in a human’s brain. Limited amounts of dopamine travel through the brain cells to provide happiness or satisfaction.
But when a person is using cocaine, dopamine floods the brain cells, so swamped that it doesn’t have anywhere else to travel. Therefore, these excessive amounts of dopamine inhibit your brain cells from properly communicating and functioning with one another.
In the long run, cocaine causes the brain to become less receptive to the effects of dopamine. This scenario signifies that larger volumes of cocaine are now necessary to deliver similar results of a dopamine high.
Eventually, as a user consistently flood the brain with dopamine, it will slowly damage its structure leading to convulsions and other neurological problems.
Using cocaine slows down the metabolism of glucose in the brain as well. This effect can cause the neurons present in the brain to function at a very slow pace and start to die.
Damage to the structures of the brain will trigger addiction, which is a condition affecting the dopamine systems and reward circuits. And abusing this potent drug can cause other sets of long-term suffering as well.
Effects on Mental Well-Being and Mood
Both powdered cocaine and crack (freebase) can cause damage to the user’s mental well-being for over a long period. It takes shape in the form of emotional disturbances or mood alterations. Since cocaine interferes explicitly with the neurons’ reabsorption of dopamine, one of the hallmark signs of cocaine’s rebound effect is severe depression.
If the brain doesn’t reach its original balance, then a person who has suffered cocaine addiction for an extended period may acquire permanent depression and need continuous mental health therapy.
Other severe long-term alterations to mood and mental well-being include:
Cocaine increases the levels of cortisol (stress hormones) in a person’s brain, which can, in turn, permanently increase the blood pressure, harming our cardiovascular system. Even if the users don’t develop paranoia or psychosis, they still experience panic disorders, anxiety, or problems with violence and aggression.
How does cocaine particularly affect the heart?
Since cocaine is a rapid-acting drug, it causes many types of harmful effects on the person’s body. This effect puts a higher degree of pressure or stress on your cardiovascular system. Your heart will force itself to pump harder to circulate blood throughout the different parts of the body, and this results in elevated blood pressure.
Outlined below are some of the effects that cocaine can have on a person’s blood vessels and heart.
Atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries
Frequent cocaine use might lead to the hardening of capillaries and arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis. This problem is not instantly noticeable, but both the short-term and the long-term harm caused by the particular illness can lead to cardiovascular disease and other probably life-threatening issues.
The sudden rise in pressure and added stress on the muscles in your heart can lead to an unexpected tear in the aortic wall. It is the main artery in a person’s body. Hence, the term aortic dissection (separation), and this disease causes severe chest pains. Aortic dissection is a painful and life-threatening condition that needs urgent medical treatment.
Inflammation of the cardiac muscle
Using cocaine can cause swelling in the layers of your cardiac muscles. Throughout the condition, the swelling can lead to the hardening of a person’s heart muscles. This concern can make the heart less effective at pumping blood through the different body parts. It can lead to severe and life-threatening problems, and of course, it includes heart failure.
Disturbances in the cardiac rhythm
Cocaine can meddle with the electrical system of the heart and disturb the signals that inform each of the heart’s portion to pump with the others together. This condition leads to cardiac arrhythmias or irregular cardiac rhythm.
Cocaine-induced heart attacks
The variety of effects on the heart and blood vessels from cocaine use increases the risk of a heart attack. Cocaine use can lead to elevated blood pressure levels, hardened arteries, along with thickened cardiac muscle walls, which can eventually cause a heart attack.
Signs of cardiac problems related to cocaine use
Constant use of cocaine can lead to sudden cardiac-related signs and symptoms. These include sweating, increased heart rate, palpitations, along with severe chest pains as well. This scenario may lead people to seek immediate treatment at a hospital’s emergency department.
Continuous cocaine use, as per evidence, increases the risk of suffering from stroke or a heart attack. That particular event happens because cocaine can induce damage to the heart almost instantly after a person starts using it. And what’s more, is that the damage accumulates and builds up the longer a person uses the drug.
Quitting cocaine does not quickly minimize a person’s risk for cardiovascular well-being problems because much of the damage caused by the drug can be irreversible or permanent. On a brighter note, quitting cocaine can stop additional loss, which reduces the risk for cardiac-related health problems, such as myocardial infarction or heart attack.
Cocaine Effects on Pregnancy
Cocaine use during pregnancy can have long-term adverse effects on both mother and baby. However, statistical data reveals that a significant number of people who are using cocaine are women of childbearing age. It also shows that five percent of pregnant women use addictive substances, and 750,000 pregnancies are exposed to cocaine every year.
For pregnant women, taking care of your baby is a must. You should know the harm that cocaine and other substances can bring to you and your baby, and seek out help treat your drug addiction immediately. Here’s what you need to know about cocaine effects on pregnancy.
Health Risks of Cocaine Use on Expectant Mothers
Women who are using cocaine during pregnancy may increase their risks of malnutrition, anemia, and different types of skin infections. After pregnancy, women who are struggling with frequent cocaine use may also increase their chances of having severe postpartum depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideations.
Cocaine use of the mother can also lead to respiratory health problems, cardiovascular diseases, and blood-borne infections, such as HIV and hepatitis. Moreover, using cocaine during pregnancy can also result in high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia, acute pulmonary edema, seizures, and sudden death of the mother and the baby.
The mother’s and baby’s lives will more likely be exposed to dangers and neglect if the mother doesn’t seek help to treat her addiction. Unless the mother finds treatment for her addiction, self-harm, violent incidents, involvement in hazardous situations, and legal troubles are not impossible to happen.
Effects on Pregnancy
Cocaine addiction in pregnant women has also had a connection to poor pregnancy outcomes. A variety of problems that may occur as a consequence of cocaine use within and around the delicate stage of pregnancy include:
Low birth weight
Impaired fetal growth
Intrauterine growth restriction
Small size for gestational phase
Premature rupture of membranes
Reduced head circumference
Perinatal cerebral infarction
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Using cocaine during pregnancy may also affect the mother’s likelihood of carrying the unborn child to full-term. Having a full-term pregnancy, which means birth between 39 and 40 weeks, is essential for the baby’s brain development. A shorter pregnancy, on the other hand, can lead to problems in the child’s development.
Premature birth is the term used when the baby is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. This kind of delivery is the leading cause of death among children ages five and younger. Most premature children can also have hearing and visual problems and can struggle from lifelong learning disabilities.
Another unfortunate pregnancy outcome caused by cocaine effects on pregnancy is a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion. Pregnant women who use cocaine during early pregnancy can be at risk for miscarriage because the drug interrupts the blood flow to the placenta.
A study also shows that the intake of drug stimulants like cocaine can increase the risk of stillbirth by 2.2 times. Moreover, the trauma of stillbirth can lead to long-term psychological problems on the mother. For instance, the mother may experience post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety.
Negative Impact on a Developing Child
Drug stimulants like cocaine interact with the central nervous system. It can also reach into the placenta and then into the fetus. The drug’s adverse effects on the development of the fetus can result in congenital disabilities and abnormalities, such as congenital heart diseases, limb defects, and cleft palate.
The effects of cocaine when it reaches the uterus may also lead to neurodevelopmental issues for the child that can contribute to the following problems.
Impaired procedural learning and perceptual reasoning
Impaired adolescent functioning
Attention deficit disorder (ADHD)
Oppositional defiant disorder
Difficulty in learning languages
Studies also show that using habit-forming substances like cocaine can lead to the mother abusing the child because of the drug’s capacity to impair the psychological function of the mother.
Furthermore, exposure to cocaine in utero can increase the child’s inclination to use tobacco and addictive drugs and to develop substance use disorders in his/her teenage years. The child can also have problems with controlling their emotions, difficulty in problem-solving, and trouble in managing stress.
Scientific evidence also points to the cocaine effects on pregnancy as one of the causes of a child’s incapacity to handle different types of stress in the environment. This problem can lead to anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation on the part of the child in his/her teens. Likewise, the child is also more likely to be aggressive and violent when he/she grows up.
The chemical interactions of the drug on the child’s development during pregnancy and exposure to the stress of living with a mother who has a cocaine addiction, are very detrimental to the part of the child. Thus, at all costs, you should stay away from addictive drugs like cocaine and seek out help if you have already developed a dependence on it.
How to Treat Cocaine Addiction
There’s still a chance that you can overcome cocaine addiction. You need to get some medical help to treat it. If you’re hooked on cocaine while you’re pregnant, early medical intervention can prevent you and your child from experiencing the problems mentioned above.
You can find a variety of options that can help you understand the nature of drug addiction as well as learn ways on how to overcome it. Typically, a person who uses drugs like cocaine has underlying triggers, such as psychological trauma, which makes that person resort to using drugs.
Most drug addiction treatments help you cope with such triggers without resorting to drug use. You will also participate in individual counselling, group-based therapies, and detoxification treatment to help you deal with your cocaine addiction.
Using cocaine during pregnancy can result in a lot of health complications on the mother and the baby. So, if you’re pregnant, you should always stay away from using any addictive substances like cocaine if you want to have a healthy pregnancy.
Know the different signs of cocaine and the destructive effects of this drug on your body. Seek professional assistance to put an end to substance abuse.
One of the most powerful stimulants that have an addictive nature is cocaine. You can find a wide array of signs of cocaine addiction that will surely make you think twice about laying a hand on this stuff. The drug does give you a feeling of temporary euphoria but when the high disappears, you will certainly look for more and the cycle goes on and on. It helps to know that there are indeed no physical withdrawal symptoms when it comes to cocaine use. Nevertheless, cocaine is highly addictive as you would need a much higher dosage if you have developed a tolerance for the drug.
The Signs of Cocaine Abuse Up Close
Cocaine addiction has been causing destruction and ravaging the Canadian population for years. Cocaine addicts develop a psychological addiction to the drug because of the high that it offers and the physical addiction follows suit. The signs of cocaine use and abuse manifest in different ways, whether in appearance, mental state, and the psychological conditioning of the person. Knowing the different symptoms and red flags of cocaine addiction are vital to helping the individual suffering from addiction and dependence.
Cocaine Addiction and Physiological Effects
There are various signs of cocaine use and abuse that you could see right away on the appearance of an individual that is addicted to the drug. Dilated pupils, as well as overly sensitive eyes to light, can be manifestations of substance abuse. Cocaine is typically administered through sniffing or snorting and this could have adverse effects on the physical state of a person such as a runny nose and nosebleeds. The administration of cocaine through snorting could have long-term and permanent damage to the inside parts of the nose. When injected, the signs of cocaine use may include a track or needle marks and it also causes burned fingers and lips when smoking crack.
The heart is one of the major organs that will be affected by long-term use of cocaine. The signs of cocaine addiction that affects the heart include fast heart rate, enlarged heart, and constricted blood vessels that may result in cardiac arrest and heart attacks.
Cocaine Addiction and Mental/Psychological Effects
Cocaine addiction and dependence have grave effects on the mental and psychological states of an individual. For instance, excessive intake of the drug could give a person a feeling of euphoria but it is short-lived. The user may also experience overconfidence and unusual excitement that may even result in aggressiveness. Cocaine is also known for its hallucinogenic effects and could cause paranoia, poor judgment, hallucination, and delusion. There are long-term cocaine addicts that are also susceptible to psychosis especially with individuals that have a history of mental illness.
The signs of cocaine use are right before your eyes if you know what to look for in the first place. It is a guide that could help families and loved ones of the individual that is suffering from cocaine addiction and substance abuse. There are various treatment initiatives in Canada for cocaine and crack addiction.
Learning important details and information about cocaine use and the potential causes it may bring especially when one gets addicted to it.
Cocaine, otherwise known as crack is considered a serious and illegal drug in Canada. This kind of drug is illegal because it has taken thousands and thousands of lives around the world. Cocaine use has been very prevalent in the country for decades now and it is believed to be the culprit behind different crimes happening in Canada.
Street murders are also associated with cocaine use and the main cause of why the health care sector wastes millions of dollars for it. Illegal use of cocaine is also the root-cause of under-productivity in many workplaces and even stolen properties in many different parts of the country.
Use of Cocaine
Crimes that happen in the streets and in homes are often attributed to cocaine addiction. It stems from the addition of a person to cocaine and using all his resources to acquire crack. And when all his resources are gone, he’ll soon become a ‘parasite’ on other people, the ultimate way he believes that would finance his illegal habit. Calgary is known as a “cocaine city.” The police department shows that between 80% and 90% of all the crimes committed in the city can be attributed to the use of cocaine.
Crimes that are Related to Cocaine Addiction
The cities of Edmonton and Vancouver are close to Calgary and they are known to be highly-infested with drug pushers and addicts. Cocaine is as big as the problem in marijuana in terms of addiction.
Reports from the police departments in different parts of the country say that in 2009 there were more than 900 arrests that are related to cocaine. The effects of these crimes made by cocaine users are widespread and felt by many people all throughout the country. Cocaine use is another epidemic in the country, costing much money in controlling cocaine-related crimes and in curbing the use of this illegal narcotic.
Crack Cocaine and STD
In 1911, Canada had implemented laws that prohibit the importing, manufacturing, selling and using cocaine.
However, when the cost of cocaine increased, users ended up with a much cheaper alternative called crack cocaine. People who made use of crack cocaine and became addicted over time and eventually suffered from any of the following problems: theft, murder, teenage pregnancy, STD or sexually transmitted diseases which also include AIDS and HIV.
Cocaine Causes Paranoia among Users
Cocaine is otherwise known as a “feel good” narcotic. Classified as a hallucinogenic drug, cocaine also causes paranoid sensations among users. For people who are addicted to cocaine, the state of addiction can be very devastating on their part.
A high percentage of cocaine users in Canada are those that are aged fifteen years old and above. This is just a clear indication to everyone that cocaine is interesting to the eyes and senses of many kids who are still schooling. And once these students enter high school, they are almost guaranteed to try on other drugs in the company of older and more experienced kids in school.