Mind-Boggling Facts about Heroin

What Does Heroin Look Like?

 There’s a colorful background behind the opioid drug called heroin which earned it a controversial place in history. The drug is synthesized from another equally addictive and popular substance, morphine, which is derived from the opium poppy plant seed pod. The drug looks like a brown or white powder but there is a black sticky variant which is also referred to as the “black tar heroin.” 

Fact 1: Heroin Use 

Heroin is used in many ways specifically through injection, sniffing or snorting, and smoking. When administered, the drug reaches the brain in a rapid manner, contributing to further health risks as well as the risk of addiction. Many people experience relapse due to the alterations in the brain particularly the tendency to excessively look for the drug regardless of the consequences. 

Fact 2: How Heroin Works in the Body ? 

Heroin turns back into morphine once it entered the brain, binding the substance to the cell molecules known as opioid receptors. Various areas of the brain and the body in general, have opioid receptors particularly those that are responsible for the perception of reward and pain. The brain stem also contains opioid receptors and this section controls the blood pressure, respiration, and arousal.   

Fact 3: Effects of Heroin 

When the body experiences heroin overdose, it immediately suppresses the respiratory system, particularly breathing which results to hypoxia as the oxygen that reaches the brain is affected. There are short-term and permanent effects in the neurological and psychological aspect such as permanent brain damage and comatose.  

There’s a significant impact on the body especially when heroin is administered through injection. For instance, the user feels an instant surge of rush or euphoria while the person also experiences warm flushing, dry mouth, and heavy extremities, on top of an impaired mental functioning. The person also experiences the alternate state of wakefulness and drowsiness. Prolonged use of heroin results in tolerance to the drug which leads to the need for a higher dosage. 

Fact 3: Heroin Addiction Treatment 

Numerous treatments are known to help people get out of their heroin addiction and survive it. Some of the known treatments include behavioral therapies as well as medications. The approved and authorized medications for heroin addiction include methadone and buprenorphine. These medications are known to bind to the cell receptors that heroin also attaches to. The effect of this drug is to wean the person off the drug, reduce the craving for heroin, and prevent it from affecting the person with the same impact through using the opioid-blocking drug, naltrexone. The drug, naloxone, is another medication but it is more of an emergency treatment which is used to counteract the often life-threatening effects of heroin overdose. 

 

Heroin addiction has affected countless Canadians and people all around the world, with numerous deaths accounted to the overdose of this drug. The good news is that there are also recorded successful treatments and behavioral therapies to cure this life-altering and health-threatening drug dependence.

The Six Effective Ways to Stop Smoking According to Canadian Health Experts

Quitting Smoking: The Six Effective Ways to Stop Smoking According to Canadian Health Experts

Smoking cigarette or tobacco is a very popular habit which is not only observed in Canada but in the whole world as well. In fact, anywhere you go it is more likely that you will be able to see someone puffing a cigarette. While this is something that provides pleasure on the part of a smoker, there are underlying health-related problems that are actually attributed to cigarette or tobacco smoking.  

While many people tend to be very persistent with their smoking habit, there are also those who are thinking about quitting smoking. If you think that you are one among these people who want to stop smoking once and for all, there are several guidelines that you need to follow so as to realize your resolution to stop this unhealthy habit once and for all. 

There are some effective tips which were made and formulated by Canadian experts and this time, you may find them truly effective as what others have tried and tested as well. 

  1. Nicotine Patch

This is a square-shaped adhesive that resembles a bandage. It contains slow-release nicotine and usually comes in 7mg, 14mg, and 21 mg strengths. A typical smoker usually ingests about a milligram of nicotine for every stick of cigarette puffing. A nicotine patch is commonly available in drugstores anywhere in the country. It releases a constant supply of nicotine and would normally last 24 hours. Side effects usually include sleep disturbances especially when it is not removed at night. It is not adjustable for people with strong cravings. 

  1. Nicotine Gum

Quitting smoking can be done with the aid of a nicotine gum, a sugar-free gum that contains 2 or 4 milligrams of nicotine. The maximum daily dose for this kind of remedy is twenty to forty pieces. A nicotine gum is commonly found available in all supermarkets and drugstores in Canada. Side effects may include stomach upset, sore teeth, sore jaw and hiccups.  

  1. Nicotine Inhaler

This is a cartridge that brings out nicotine when you puff on it. A 4mg cartridge is equivalent to the nicotine amount obtained from two sticks of the cigarette without the harmful properties and additives. Continuous puffing on this can last for twenty minutes. This is commonly found available in drugstores around the country. It can cause mouth irritation and can become a habit. 

  1. Nicotine Lozenge

Nicotine lozenges like Resolve have zero nicotine while Cestemenol 350disrubt’s the body’s ability to metabolize nicotine. It is commonly used you continue smoking while gradually reducing the desire of the body to take in nicotine. It helps in curbing smoking slowly and there are no known side effects to using it. Most Canadian drugstores carry this kind of smoking remedy. 

  1. Zyban

It’s a mild form of antidepressant that stops norepinephrine and dopamine brain chemicals that help curb smoking withdrawal symptoms. Side effects include strange dreams, dry mouth and insomnia. This can only be availed in Quebec. 

  1. Counselling & Self-Help Groups

These involve physical and psychological aids and can be found available all across the country such as in hospitals, community centers and churches. They can also be found online.  

Drug Law in Canada

Drug Law in Canada 

Drug Law in Canada 

These days, drugs come in great abundance and they can be found almost everywhere. There are over-the counter (OTC) drugs that can be purchased and taken without a doctor’s prescription. Other types of drugs can never be taken out from the pharmacy unless prescribed by a licensed physician. The number of drugs is definitely overwhelming and taking the time to familiarize the different classifications of drugs should be highly considered in order to avoid erroneous and/or illegal use. 

“Schedules” Meanings Drug Law in Canada 

Controlled substances and drugs are strictly observed and governed in Canada by the CDSA or Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, a federal legislation of the country. Drug law is enforceable in all places in the country and such law is based on eight schedules. Each of these schedules lists of controlled substances and drugs which have been sorted according to their danger levels. Controlled substances are listed are listed in schedules I to V. 

  • Schedule I. This schedule contains the most dangerous drugs which include cocaine and heroin. 
  • Schedule II. This one lists cannabis, popularly known as marijuana and its derivatives. 
  • Schedule III. This schedule is composed of the more dangerous drugs like lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD and amphetamines. 
  • Schedule IV. Drugs that are dangerous but are known to be therapeutic are includes in this schedule. One of these drugs is barbiturates. 
  • Schedules V and VI. These schedules of drugs contain precursors which are required to create controlled substances. 
  • Schedules VII and VIII. Contains drugs that have a certain amount of cannabis as well as cannabis resin which are commonly required for sentencing and charging purposes.  

Common Drug-Related Offenses 

There are certain types of drug-related which are commonly observed in Canada and these include the following: 

Possession 

When one is charged with possession then this literally means the person is caught in custody or possession of another person, having personal possession, or having it in anywhere for his own benefit or use. If a member of a particular group possesses an illegal drug with the consent and knowledge of other persons in the group, this makes every group member involved. IN short, everyone in the group is charged with possession. 

According to CDSA Section 4(1), anyone is prohibited to possess any substance contained in Schedules 1, 2, and 3. However, there are certain people that work in the authorities (police officers and researchers) who are given the permission and authority to carry and possess any of these substances under controlled circumstances. A person who is charged with possession of these substances is sentenced depending on the amount of substance in possession and the schedule of the substance involved. For a simple possession charge, the maximum sentence is seven years. 

Trafficking 

This kind of drug-related offence in the country entails the act of selling, giving, administering, transporting, delivering and sending. CDSA prohibits these acts in relation to any substances contained in Schedules 1, 2, 3, and 4. 

Double-Doctoring 

This kind of offense practically means obtaining prescriptions or drugs from two or more doctors. The CDSA has a law on double-doctoring and the sentence given to an offender is based on the schedule of drugs involved and usually ranges to a maximum of seven years. 

drug rehab facility in Vancouver

The Essential Benefits and Advantages of a Drug Rehab Facility: A Person’s Unique Road to Full Recovery in Vancouver

Addiction is a social problem that comes in many different forms. We want to demonstrate the essential benefits and advantages of a drug rehab facility via one person’s unique road to full recovery in Vancouver.

For example, there are more addict men than women; a younger age group tends to have experienced drug or substance abuse than any other age group; and people of Canada have been known to drink more than 50 percent over the world’s total average.  

There is one big truth about addiction and this truth lies to the fact that everyone can become addicted to something at any point in time. And once a person becomes addicted, this will create a negative impact on his life and the people that surround him as well. Most addicts are incapable of recovering on their own so they end up going to a drug rehab center. Other people question and negate on rehab. Perhaps, they may not be aware about the benefits a person can get from entering a rehab. 

How to Identify an Addict Person? 

Warning signs should never be ignored especially when you are dealing with different people every day. This is very much true when you are suspicious about a member in your family who is involved in drug abuse and addiction.

It is a good idea to always attune yourself with the different signs of addiction that you might have just overlooked or ignored in the past. Generally, a person who is addicted to drugs has the following signs: 

  • Changes in mood 
  • Changes in character 
  • Changes in weight 
  • Deterioration of physical appearance 
  • Slurred speech 
  • Tremors 
  • Impaired coordination 

In fact, even a highly concealed addict can show obvious signs that can be easily seen and recognized by a keen observant. 

An Important Move after Identifying Warning Signs of Addiction 

After identifying the signs, the next move that you need to do is find and check into a drug rehabilitation facility. On the other hand, addicts along with those people who love them believe that recovery is just a matter of promises and a series of therapy.

These people are not aware that the key towards complete recovery from drug addiction is the complete disruption of the routine. By removing an addict from his former toxic environment, he can easily assess the ultimate causes of his addiction and his reasons for using illegal drugs. 

Another big benefit one can get from being rehabilitated in a rehab facility is the companionship that often springs out among patients in the rehab center.

Not only that. Patients also get the chance to build a strong tie between medical staff and other professionals working in the facility. While it is true that there are other people who tend to hold onto to their previous identity, facing the reality and seeing their situation in other patients can help them build a kind of relationship and a safe place that they may not be able to find at home.  

Today, there are many private rehab facilities that help addicts in Canada. With the aid of these facilities, a person can simply have a trusted and reliable companion that will accompany him down his unique road to complete recovery. 

Stop Drinking

What Happens to Your Body When You Quit and Stop Drinking?

Stop Drinking

When you stop drinking and go back to a healthy and alcohol-free lifestyle, there are various changes that you will feel in your body. Canada is one of the countries that have been grappling with alcohol addiction and dependence. The initiatives taken to finally put an end or moderation to drinking problem are becoming more and more accessible to Canadians in different provinces and territories. What exactly happens to your body when you finally decide to quit or cut down on your drinking?

Physical Changes When You Stop Drinking

A lot of Canadians are dealing with the drinking abuse dilemma and it is affecting different people from varying age groups and economic backgrounds, among many others. It helps to know the different changes that a drinker would physically experience and these could serve as motivations in order to quit drinking for good:

Body Clock Returns to Normal

Many people who are suffering from drinking abuse have trouble going to sleep or having sufficient sleep as drinking increases the alpha wave patterns of the brain. The pattern serves as a type of cerebral activity which happens when the person is resting but awake. The increase of such brain activity results to disrupted sleep. Better sleep is guaranteed when you stop drinking and it also results to better concentration, improved mood, and a boost in your mental performance.

Pounds will Fall Off

One of the best ways to shed those extra calories and pounds is to quit drinking. When you stop drinking, you are reducing your intake of calories that you unknowingly consume when you drink alcohol. One margarita, for instance, has over 300 caloric contents which are mostly derived from sugar. Men who drink alcohol take in up to 400 calories while women have additional 300 calories when they don’t drink moderately. Simply quit drinking if you want to lose weight with minimal efforts.

Reduced Risk for Cancer

Alcohol use is connected to increased cancer risks particularly for the liver, mouth, rectum, breast, and colon. Over-consumption of alcohol is linked to the malfunction of the major body organs and exposes the body to the toxic materials and free radicals that come with the alcohol you drink. Stop drinking and you would also reduce the risks of acquiring diabetes since some alcohols also have higher sugar content.

Appetite Moderation is Guaranteed

Quitting drinking doesn’t mean that you would lose your appetite all together. In only reduces your appetite as alcohol drinking is one of the factors that drive a person to excessively consume food. Alcohol basically heightens an individual’s senses particularly their sense of smell and triggers of hunger pangs and cravings. Start with an alcohol-free lifestyle to have a great dietary regimen.

Canada is facing a huge problem with excessive drinking and the abuse of this substance is affecting Canadians in the health and social aspects. When you stop drinking, you experience a smorgasbord of physiological health benefits that bring back your total wellness inside and out. Find an alcohol abuse treatment facility now.